Model¶
The model object represents an optimization problem and contains the variables, constraints an objective that make up the problem. Variables and constraints can be added and removed using the .add
and .remove
methods, while the objective can be changed by setting the objective attribute, e.g. model.objective = Objective(expr, direction="max")
.
Once the problem has been formulated the optimization can be performed by calling the .optimize
method. This will return the status of the optimization, most commonly ‘optimal’, ‘infeasible’ or ‘unbounded’.

class
optlang.interface.
Model
(name=None, objective=None, variables=None, constraints=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]¶ Bases:
object
The model object represents an optimization problem and contains the variables, constraints an objective that make up the problem. Variables and constraints can be added and removed using the
.add
and.remove
methods, while the objective can be changed by setting the objective attribute, e.g.model.objective = Objective(expr, direction="max")
.Once the problem has been formulated the optimization can be performed by calling the
.optimize
method. This will return the status of the optimization, most commonly ‘optimal’, ‘infeasible’ or ‘unbounded’.
objective
¶ str – The objective function.

name
¶ str, optional – The name of the optimization problem.

variables
¶ Container, readonly – Contains the variables of the optimization problem. The keys are the variable names and values are the actual variables.

constraints
¶ Container, readonly – Contains the variables of the optimization problem. The keys are the constraint names and values are the actual constraints.

status
¶ str, readonly – The status of the optimization problem.
Examples
>>> model = Model(name="my_model") >>> x1 = Variable("x1", lb=0, ub=20) >>> x2 = Variable("x2", lb=0, ub=10) >>> c1 = Constraint(2 * x1  x2, lb=0, ub=0) # Equality constraint >>> model.add([x1, x2, c1]) >>> model.objective = Objective(x1 + x2, direction="max") >>> model.optimize() 'optimal' >>> x1.primal, x2.primal '(5.0, 10.0)'

add
(stuff, sloppy=False)[source]¶ Add variables and constraints.
Parameters:  stuff (iterable, Variable, Constraint) – Either an iterable containing variables and constraints or a single variable or constraint.
 sloppy (bool) – Check constraints for variables that are not part of the model yet.
Returns: Return type: None

classmethod
clone
(model, use_json=True, use_lp=False)[source]¶ Make a copy of a model. The model being copied can be of the same type or belong to a different solver interface. This is the preferred way of copying models.
Example
>>> new_model = Model.clone(old_model)

constraint_values
¶ The primal values of all constraints.
Returns: Return type: collections.OrderedDict

constraints
The model constraints.

classmethod
from_json
(json_obj)[source]¶ Constructs a Model from the provided jsonobject.
Example
>>> import json >>> with open("path_to_file.json") as infile: >>> model = Model.from_json(json.load(infile))

interface
¶ Provides access to the solver interface the model belongs to
Returns a Python module, for example optlang.glpk_interface

is_integer
¶

objective
The model’s objective function.

optimize
()[source]¶ Solve the optimization problem using the relevant solver backend. The status returned by this method tells whether an optimal solution was found, if the problem is infeasible etc. Consult optlang.statuses for more elaborate explanations of each status.
The objective value can be accessed from ‘model.objective.value’, while the solution can be retrieved by ‘model.primal_values’.
Returns: status – Solution status. Return type: str

primal_values
¶ The primal values of model variables.
The primal values are rounded to the bounds. :returns: :rtype: collections.OrderedDict

reduced_costs
¶ The reduced costs/dual values of all variables.
Returns: Return type: collections.OrderedDict

remove
(stuff)[source]¶ Remove variables and constraints.
Parameters: stuff (iterable, str, Variable, Constraint) – Either an iterable containing variables and constraints to be removed from the model or a single variable or contstraint (or their names). Returns: Return type: None

shadow_prices
¶ The shadow prices of model (dual values of all constraints).
Returns: Return type: collections.OrderedDict

status
The solver status of the model.

to_json
()[source]¶ Returns a jsoncompatible object from the model that can be saved using the json module. Variables, constraints and objective contained in the model will be saved. Configurations will not be saved.
Example
>>> import json >>> with open("path_to_file.json", "w") as outfile: >>> json.dump(model.to_json(), outfile)

variables
The model variables.
